Gum Disease

Gum disease illustration


Healthy teeth and gums
When the gums are healthy, they look pink in colour and are set firmly around the teeth. There is no evidence of swelling or bleeding from the gums.

Gingivitis/swelling of the gums
After plaque bacteria have settled on the teeth and around the gums, they cause redness, swelling and bleeding on brushing (inflammation of the gums). Little gaps can start to appear in between the teeth. This inflammation can be reversed by improving oral hygiene, e.g. proper use of a toothbrush and dental floss.

For some people, if the plaque bacteria is not removed, the gums continue to become red, swollen and bleed on brushing and flossing. Measurable gaps (called pockets) appear between the gums and teeth. This is because the bone around the teeth begin to slowly disappear. If left untreated, the teeth eventually become loose and may be lost.

There are some risk factors that can increase the chance of you getting this advanced gum disease, such as:

  • smoking
  • diabetes
  • family history of gum disease
  • high stress level
  • some medication


Treating gum disease

Fortunately, there are treatments available to manage gum disease. This often involves meticulous removal of plaque around your teeth, modifying risk factors where possible etc. Many of our patients have successfully overcome gum disease and the problems linked to it, e.g. losing teeth.

We now offer Periochip® at the practice to help boost the healing achieved with deep cleaning.

If you want to learn more about gum disease and how to manage it, please contact us and we can email you some more information.